[7]:19, Headquarters of the 7,000 strong OT in Guernsey was established at Sausmarez park in December 1941. Camouflaged barrier; 14). Near Guernsey Airport lies the German Occupation Museum, which provides great insight into everyday life during the occupation, complete with a recreation of an occupation-era street.It is also home to a number of Second World War vehicles and fortifications. [4]:63–4 [16]:178, 3.7 cm Flak and 5 cm Flak provided medium support (3,000-5,000m effective range) and 2 cm Flak were located for close protection of facilities, some in concrete emplacements (2,000m effective range). [16]:101 Naval Range-finding Tower MP 3 at Pleinmont, which has 5 observation levels and had a radar unit on the roof, has become a museum, open to the public. Personnel shelters, such as a Type R621 shelter designed for a section of 10 men, had two concealed exits and a ringstellung or Tobruk pit were used in many locations, as were 5 cm and 8 cm mortars. A colossal 8% of the entire Atlantic Wall’s concrete was poured into the Islands and they held more guns than the Download this stock image: German WW2 fortifications on Guernsey coastal defences - MPA878 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Guernsey had to pay for the German troops, providing them with and paying for their food, accommodation and transport.[9]:89. Luftwaffe fighter groups JG27 and JG53, equipped with Me Bf 109s, had been based during Kanalkampf in Guernsey in 1940. Find out more about the history that inspired The Guernsey Literary & Potato Peel Pie Society. The work would continue as planned, despite the death of Dr Todt in a plane crash in February 1942. Two of the batteries were in casemates; three were in reinforced in field positions of earth and timber construction.[4]:59–60. Alderney was considered too well-protected against aircraft attack so HMS Rodney had the mission of shelling it. Supervisors and OT labour was supplied to German construction companies, ten of which operated in the Channel Islands. This weekend marks 75 years since the beginning of the liberation of the Islands of Guernsey after the Second World War. [17]:30, A small number of the obsolescent French Renault FT tanks were shipped in 1941 to the island. One of the most significant periods in the Channel Islands’ history was the German Occupation during World War II. [14]:174 More exotic camouflage, including disguising positions as houses were used. machine gun posts, observation posts, battery locations, etc.) The battery became operational in June 1942. 244,000 m³ of rock were excavated out of the Channel Islands, only a little less than the 255,000m³ in the whole of the rest of the. [21]:188 A type R633 bunker took 845m³ of concrete and 40 tons of steel to build. The resulting construction work in the Channel Islands was extensive; it required thousands of workers and massive supplies of cement and steel. Barbed wire and minefields would have protected the nest.[4]:37. At Fort Saumarez L’Eree headland, a trench system with machine gun and a Tobruk pit has been opened up and is accessible to the public.[16]:179. In Guernsey there were five batteries, each of four 10cm Czech artillery, which had a range of 9.6 kilometres (6.0 mi). 10.5cm Gun Casement.JPG 2,560 × 1,920; 1.21 MB The island of Guernsey has been fortified for several thousand years, the number of defence locations and complexity of the defence increasing with time, manpower and the improvements in weapons and tactics.. Six Marinepeilstände (MP) observation towers were built on high points. The first mine was laid in November 1940; altogether there were 118 minefields in Guernsey. Of the 96 OT workers who died in Guernsey, the majority died as a result of tunnelling accidents, a British bombing raid on St Peter Port in January 1942, and typhus in February 1943. However, when multiple targets were visible, it was almost impossible to know which ship each tower was observing. Service was compulsory in the militia for every man in the Island. Fortress Engineer specialist sub-units such as Compressor, Mining, Rock Drilling, etc., would move between the Islands as required. [17]:21, Mainly manned by Luftwaffe men of Flak Regiment 292, the multi purpose 8.8 cm Flak 36 were the main defence with a 7,500m effective range, located in six Island batteries and controlled by radar direction finding equipment, backed up by 150 cm searchlights. 40 was equipped and used for a short while in 1944 as a hospital, as the planned hospital tunnel had not been built, however patients underground did not recuperate very well.[11]:35. Jump to navigation Jump to search. The initial plan was for two towers to observe a target and through measuring angles determine its distance and therefore grid reference. visits the Guernsey. [7]:31 The supply vessels needed escort and flak ships for protection. Five camps were built, however most OT workers went into requisitioned houses. SUBSCRIBE: http://www.youtube.com/c/VicStefanu - Let's visit the WW2 German fortifications of Guernsey. Panel, made from the wooden poles; 12). 60 cm searchlights for illuminating the sea, normally protected in small concrete shelters when not in use. WW2 / The Occupation. Guernsey received a few tracked anti-tank guns, but relied more on guns such as the 3.7 cm Pak 35/36, fifteen 5 cm Pak 38, and eight 7.5 cm Pak 40. Lily James plays free-spirited journalist Juliet Ashton, who forms a life-changing bond with the delightful and In Guernsey a total of 92,995m³ of rock was excavated and 22,009m³ of concrete were poured. Guernsey received two command tanks, 12 normal tanks, and five flame-throwing tanks.[16]:83. Wire on low wooden poles; 8). Mines, controled from the machine-gun nest; 9). OT gave Guernsey the code name Gustav. Wood; 16). Activity decreased following the conclusion of the Battle of Britain,[16]:51 with the airfield being used more for refuelling and inter-island communications rather than as a base for permanent aircraft. [16]:63 Army troops were rotated to Alderney for three month tours of duty. Local workers too were recruited. Barbed wire, 2 cm Flak positions, a Tobruk pit, 150 cm searchlight, minefields, Pak40 anti tank gun, and a Freya radar supported the battery. There is now incontrovertible evidence that a top-secret launcher site for V1 missiles was being constructed on the island - but these ones are likely to have contained Sarin. [7]:56 From October 1941 and especially throughout 1942, building works moved ahead rapidly in hundreds of sites. Wire barrier around the dugout; 15). The OT organisation designated the Channel Islands work area as Insel Einsatze.[10]:29. The Islands of Guernsey are what’s known as an ‘archipelago’ – a collection of islands located on the English Channel between England and France. Cavities filled with rubble. They were badly fed and clothed and were beaten and punished for minor offences;[11]:33 the Germans considered them expendable and worked some to death. The German designs incorporated certain standard features such as entrance door at right angles, armoured air intake, 30mm steel doors, ventilation, telephones,[4]:7 internal walls lined with wood, and an emergency exit. [16]:104 However, U-Boats in Guernsey were too vulnerable to air attack. Fittings such as air purification systems, showers, gas proof doors, telephones, periscopes, and wiring were standardised. By Pierre Kosmidis Info and photos submitted by Emmanouil Tzilivakis, used by permission. 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